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Sinai, on the other hand, was a specific and, indeed, unique mountain in the midst of this general range. In the last two centuries, to be sure, scholars have proposed at least a dozen sites of Sinai differing from the traditional one, including sites more westerly and northern in the Sinai Peninsula, in the Negev, in Transjordan, and in what is today Saudi Arabia [Davies, 48b].
The Book of Exodus is called in addition, quite correctly, the Second Book of Moses. Moses, the Prophet Primarius of the Old Testament, began the Book of Exodus within the same year as the theophany recorded in the pericope now before us, which is to say before the conclusion of the year 1447 B. For the call of Moses to his special mediatorial ministry clearly included from the beginning the to produce by divine inspiration the Five Books of the Law which were to constitute the very foundation of Israel as church and state.This exegete, on the contrary, would continue to urge, on various grounds, fidelity to the pericopal tradition inherited from the ancient church by the church of the reformation and modified only slightly by the Blessed Reformer of the Church, if one is speaking specifically of the gospels and epistles to be read in the main (eucharistic) service of the week.No comparable series of readings, on the other hand, from the Old Testament was either handed down from the ancient church or bestowed on us by the Blessed Reformer; nor, indeed, is there such a program of readings from the New Testament to be used in all the possible additional offices of any given week.The following basic outline of the Book of Exodus emerges, then, with special emphasis upon its third chapter: I. In the last two centuries, to be sure, scholars have proposed at least a dozen sites of Sinai differing from the traditional one, ision follows from the Wandering Itinerary in Numbers 33 (verses 15-16). Equally implausible are the legends associated with Ras es-Safsaf, a peak of the same ridge which rises to 6,540 feet at a distance of some two and half miles to the northwest of Jebel Musa, including the identification of a large granite block there with the hydrogenetic rock of Meribah.Specifically, then, Horeb is the mountainous region in the central south of the Sinai Peninsula which begins on the northern side where the Valley es-Sheikh opens into the Plain er-Rahah [Keil, I, 437; II, 75-76 and 83-84]. Helena the Empress, the mother of the Emperor Constantine, constructed a small church on the northwestern slope of Jebel Musa in the fourth century [Andersen, 448b]. More reasonable is the name of the Wady Shoeib (Jethro's Valley) which the nomads of the region have given to the valley eastward of Jebel Musa (separating Jebel ed-Deir therefrom) as the grazing-place to which Moses led the flock of his father-in-law [Keil, II, 437].The Doctor Legalis of Israel would then have compiled the remaining chapters of Exodus (7:8-) in the manner of a journal between the autumn of 1447 B. The pointing serves, as does the definite article and its equivalents on many occasions (in this exegete's view), to indicate possession and, here specifically, authorship ("in thy book"). This exegete, indeed, would question the distinction which the ("sword") [BDB, 352a (Root III), and 352a-preference of J (the supposed Yahwist) and especially of P (assuming the existence of a "Priestly Source") [BDB, 696a; Davies, ibid.].The reference is, then, to the book which Moses was then engaged in gradually writing, which is to say the Pentateuch in general and, at this juncture, his Second Book in particular. The first stage: the march from Raamses to Succoth (12: 37-41) c. The manufacture of the priestly garments (39: 1-31) 5. The second forty-day sojourn of Moses on the mountain (-) a. The special self-revelation of the Lord (34: 5-7) c. The second promulgation of the divine berith (34: 10-28) e. Such a distinction, however, not only plays with imaginary friends, but fails to do justice (1.) to the presence of both "Horeb" and "Sinai" in the Psalms and the historical books and (2.) the use of "Sinai" in Deuteronomy 33 and in verses 11 and 18 of Exodus 19, which are supposed to be Elohistic.The Book of Genesis could have been made available to public reading already in the early autumn of 1447 B. Moses could then have produced within a few days thereafter a first fascicle of Exodus consisting in chapters 1:1-7:7, already before but immediately before the unleashing of the ten plagues on Egypt in the vicinity of October of the year cited. Such a conclusion follows, not only from the immediate needs of the original audience, but also from the divine command to Moses contained in Exodus 17: "Write thou this thing as a memorial in the book" (verse 14). The erection and dedication of the tabernacle (40) a. A more detailed outline of the Book of Exodus may be found in the exegete's Isagogical Notes on the Pentateuch. Now Moses was shepherding the flock of Jethro, his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and so he led the flock behind the wilderness, and so he came to the mountain of God, Horeb.Such a procedure would explain well the position of the genealogy of Moses and Aaron in verses 14-25 of Exodus 6, the formal identification of the brothers in verses 26-27, the effective reiteration of the call of both in the ensuing verses (-7:6), and the formal note, finally, of the age of Moses and Aaron respectively in 7:7. The pointing of the Hebrew Text (the ("in the book") in this verse. Horeb is assumed, reasonably enough, to derive its name from one of three roots spelled ] [Root II, BDB, 351b], namely the one which revolves around the idea of desolation and so produces an adjective and two common nouns denoting "desolate" and "desolation" respectively [BDB, 351b-352a].The theme, correspondingly, of the Book of Exodus may be stated thus: God set apart Israel (the people from whom the Savior of the world was to come) as a distinct and priestly nation (1.) by means of His miraculous deliverance of Israel from slavery in Egypt and (2.) by means of His provision of a national with Israel at Mt. Being completed, as previously stated, within a year of the exodus, the Second Book of Moses was written in the course of the pivotal transition from the fourth main era of Old Testament history (the Prediluvian Era, the Post-Diluvian Era, the Patriarchal Era, and the Egyptian Sojourn) to the fifth, the Mosaic Era [ 1512 B. The response to be expected from the pharaoh (verse 19) iv. The next occasion on which the toponym appears is in Exodus 17, which recounts events transpiring in Rephidim (verse 1) and resulting in its additional appellations of "Massah and Meribah" (verse 7).C), who was then attempting to stop the growth of Israel by decreeing, a second time since the foundation of the Eighteenth Dynasty, the death of all newborn sons of the enslaved Hebrews. The promise of miraculous plagues and deliverance (verse 20) v. This Rephidim came two stages beyond the bounds of the Wilderness of Sin (verse 1), which lay "between Elim and Sinai" (16:1, in comparison of Numbers 33: 12-14).