Understanding peacebuilding consolidating the peace process
Peace and security in Mali remained fragile at the end of 2015, despite the official endorsement in May and June 2015 of a peace agreement by all the parties to the political conflict.In order to consolidate Mali’s nascent peace, there is a need for continued efforts to establish a broadly shared understanding of the problem issues and to build genuine consensus on the options available for their resolution.Despite the establishment of an elected government in 2006 following the implementation of a series of peace agreements, the country still faces challenges in consolidating peace throughout its territory.The eastern regions of the DRC have consistently experienced high insecurity and repeated incidences of violence, often as a result of interference of neighbouring countries.Civil society has the potential to promote an inclusive dialogue among all stakeholders and to contribute to other peacebuilding activities.
In 2005, the AU and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development worked on a post-conflict reconstruction framework which is structured around three broad phases: the emergency phase, the transitional phase and the developmental phase.
The second war was characterised by the participation of many actors in complex alignments.
Some joined the war in support of Kabila, whereas others joined to seek to oust him.
Despite the fact that the DRC is wealthy in natural resources, vast populations continue to be politically and economically marginalised.
Delivery of basic services and social amenities beyond the capital, Kinshasa, continues to be a challenge.